Framedrums are perhaps one of the earliest forms of drum made by many civilisations across the world, in essence they are a piece of animal skin stretched over a circular frame that has a depth less than the width of the head, where the frame is half or less than the diameter of the head. There are examples where the drum frames may not be circular; square & many-sided drums exist.
Playing the drum
The drums in the family are most commonly played with the hands. Specifically the fingers. Some, such as the Bodhran from Ireland are played with a stick, others are shaken and others still use a mixture of playing styles and strikes. The playing styles vary hugely from drum to drum, from country to country, from region to region and indeed from player to player. Frame drums can be held in one hand away from the body and played with the other, they may be rested on the knee, on the lap, or held between the knees. Some mounts are available for having them mounted imdependently of the player.
Many treatments can be added to a frame drum to augment the sound, the most common is to add one or more sets of ‘jingles’, small cymbals set into the frame. These are generally grouped by the public under the humble title ‘tambourines’ - most known ones in Europe are pandereta (Spain) and tamburello or tammorra (Italy). If you listen to a skilled, Kanjira (Carnatic, smallest frame drum), Riqq (Arabic) or Pandeiro (Brasilian) player you will certainly get your eyes (& ears) opened. Other treatments include the suspension of rings from the rear of the drum as shown in this image of my Persian Daf. Gut, leather or nylon strips may be stretched across the underside of the head to give a ‘snare’ sound as with the Moroccan Bendir.
Snare drums such as are usually associated with drumset also qualify as frame drums under the definition "frame is half or less than the diameter of the head" . Same is with Lambeg and Davul (dohol, tupan)....
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